What is my skin type?
Knowing your skin type can help you find the best skincare routine with products that work to help your skin instead of hurt it. There are 4 main skin types: normal, oily, dry and combination skin. Most of us don’t perfectly fit into one single category, but these categories can be a good guideline to determine which products would work best for your skin. Also remember that your skin type can change with age, hormones and seasons, so what works for you now may not work for you forever.
A wash test can help you identify which skin type you have. To do this, wash your face with a gentle cleanser, pat it dry and don’t apply any other products or makeup. Wait 30 to 60 minutes to let your skin return to its natural state and then examine how it looks and feels.
We’ll also cover two common skin conditions: Sensitive skin and hyperpigmentation.
Do you have minimal or no signs of oiliness, flaking or redness? Does your skin feel smooth? If you answered yes, then you probably have normal skin. Normal skin will typically not be shiny and oily, or dry and flaky, will usually be blemish-free, have an even skin tone, have small pores and feel soft and smooth. A proper skincare routine should still be followed to maintain healthy skin and prevent aging.
Oily Skin (Acne / Acne-Prone)
Does your skin look shiny and feel oily? Do you have blemishes? If you answered yes, then you probably have oily skin. Oily skin can look shiny or greasy, will be more prone to blackheads, pimples or acne, have larger pores and a rougher texture. The right skincare routine should balance your skin,
addressing the overproduction of oil (sebum) without drying out your skin.
“Does your skin feel tight and dry? Do you have flaky areas? If you answered yes, then you probably have dry skin. Dry skin will usually feel taut, might have flaky dry patches, have a matt and uneven texture, feel itchy, show premature signs of aging, and will typically be worse near your eyebrows and around the corners of your nose and mouth.
The right skincare routine should balance the oil production of your skin to keep it from becoming dry.
Does your t-zone look shiny, but the rest of your skin looks matte? If you answered yes, then you probably have combination skin. The most common skin type, combination skin will usually have an oily t-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) which might have blackheads or breakouts, with normal or dry skin on your cheeks. The right skincare routine should treat both skin types, sometimes using different products in different areas.
Is your skin itchy, red or inflamed? If you answered yes, then you probably have sensitive skin. Sensitive skin is a skin condition rather than a skin type as it can happen in combination with any skin type. Sensitive skin might be thin and delicate, be prone to rashes and irritation, have blotchy patches, have broken capillaries and may be prone to itching or burning. The right skincare routine should help calm sensitive skin whilst keeping skin healthy.
“Does your skin have sun spots or patches of darker skin? If you answered yes, then you probably have hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is also considered a skin condition and not a skin type and is common in people with environmentally damaged skin.
Hyperpigmented skin will usually have sun or age spots, and have small to large patches of darker skin. The right skincare routine should help even out skin tone by gently and gradually lightening and reducing the amount of excess pigment (melanin), whilst keeping skin healthy.